Glass Planet 3D Vector Illustration | Affinity Designer Tutorial

July 28, 2019 posted by



hello welcome to win affinity designer tutorial we're gonna create this glass planet so let's get started first we're gonna come into new create a kind of default clipboard here I don't mess with those settings usually and then I'm just gonna come over to the rectangle tool and start creating my background so I'll fill up that space and then go over to my color wheel and select fairly dark blue and this will be the space the background space of the image so we'll go ahead and select that color and then come over to our gradient tool and you can use the shortcut GE for this tool and we're gonna select elliptical up in the left hand corner and start to develop our gradient here so again G for the shortcut we're just going to kind of create a little bit of a shadow effect and then V for the move tool if you want to start moving things around but for this we're going to come up to make sure you have elliptical and then choose reverse so that way it goes dark on the outside and then light as it comes in to the center of the ellipse of this gradient and then I'm just kind of tweaking the lines the horizontal and vertical gradient here just to get a little bit of a smaller background shadow so it doesn't fill up too much of the space and then we'll just start on our actual planet here so we'll come over to the ellipse tool and then drag and create a nice perfect circle and then Center it and choose our starting planet kind of background color this will be covered by a couple hills and stuff but we're gonna choose a bit of a subtle yellow color to start and then you want to resize it to whatever size you want but I like to have a little bit of that background gradient showing and not cover up too much of it then you're gonna come over and select your rounded rectangle tool and just start to create some hills here so I originally would have done an ellipse but with the rounded rectangle the lot it allows you to edit it kind of gives you a shape that's a little flatter which is what we want initially and I use a to switch to the node tool which allows me to do that little resizing there and then we're just going to adjust the color this is going to be our back hill and then we're gonna have two more in front of it so just kind of decide what color you want and then come up hit that clone convert to curves and then start shaping the hill so each of these sections are nodes and they allow you to kind of tweak the curve of that particular area and then if you click on a node you can just click delete and remove that node and then again reshape reshape that kind of now it's more of a hill I guess sort of look so we're just kind of editing the nodes and then coming in to our curves and deleting the nodes that we don't want and then just trying to develop the hill however you want it to look it's up to you but I ended up kind of resizing this one and making sure it is in the right place so again press that of v4 move and a for the node tool to kind of go back and forth between editing this shape and and resizing the shape and once you're about done you can move over to I ended up using a segment tool here because it ended up this red Hill is almost a segment already so switching over to that segment tool you might as well kind of start with that I decided so that's what I did for the second Hill and for this one we're just gonna come in and this one's gonna be a little bit longer horizontal maybe a little bit flatter as well and same thing you're just gonna change the color and then once you have the color that you like you're gonna go into the node tool and start kind of shaping the hill and obviously just make this however you want it to be and then move on to the next one so with this one same idea so we have kind of the Center Hill that runs across the whole thing and then this one will be the front hill and we'll just come in and select our color a nice green color is what I ended up going with and then again press a for that node tool you can turn this into an ellipse if you want to but for our sake we're just going to kind of shape it just like we did the other one so click that convert to curves and start kind of tweaking things press a for the shortcut and then again you can delete nodes sometimes it when you do like a segment tool or rounded rectangle it starts with more nodes than you actually want and you'll see later when I use the pen tool it's actually nice to have just one or two nodes and then you can kind of shape even just a really simple line into some pretty cool things so here I'm just kind of making the green he'll have kind of a little one side kind of props up on the right hand side and then the rest is fairly flat but just to give it a little bit of character and obviously tweak these however you want it's kind of fun to mess with the with the node tool because then you can really create all these custom shapes instead of having to always use the default ellipses and rectangles and stuff and then you it doesn't actually matter if this Greenhill and even these other hills overlapped the yellow planet itself because you're going to come up here and select each layer so the green layer and the planet layer for now to start and then click divide and that'll give you segments that you're just going to go in and delete and that'll allow the point it to kind of take it's perfect to circle shape so you can see we remove those and it's starting to come together and we're just gonna repeat that for these layers on the other hills so the blue and then select the planet again and then choose divide and then you'll get those little pieces on the edge that you're just going to want to go in and delete because those are kind of the overhang from placing the hills on the planet and we just do the same thing for the Red Hill click divide and then you can also delete the bottom part so it ends up dividing the shape into two so that Red Hill turned into two Hills we just deleted the bottom piece that you can't see anyways and then we're gonna use our gradient tool again press G and sort of start adding a little bit of a shadow to the back of these hills to kind of add some depth add some separation between each other so we just clicked the top of the hill that we were in out start with so the Blue Hill we click the top and then kind of angle our gradient depending on where you want your shadow and in this case we'll have it sort of at the top edge of the hill and then it gets darker as the Hill goes down and actually I decide to switch it here I think so it's well I end up just playing with it I guess but you can kind of come into that fill gradient selector and that's what brings up this box and then we added a little bit of noise to it so we just kind of darkened it a little towards the bottom lighter towards the top and then repeat that step again for the next couple Hills so with the Red Hill you know go in there and adjust your colors so depending on where you want the gradient to start you can make it lighter and then you can have it end darker or you could do the opposite in this case I have it end a little bit lighter so there's some separation between the green the blue and the red and it adds just that little bit of a shadow kind of white almost a highlight I guess to the Red Hill and then we come in and select to the gradient tool again gradient is G and do it on the Green Hill here and on this one I added some white to the bottom right because on this side the right hand side we're gonna have it a bit more transparent that's gonna be kind of our shadow area so to make it have a little bit of depth we wanted to already have the green he'll have some sort of shadow and then when we go to add an additional shadow on top it it adds a sense of kind of perspective you know to the atmosphere and then I just selected all my layers and hit command G to group everything just to keep everything organized then I'm gonna come in here and select my ellipse tool and do a background kind of make the planet have a little bit of a glow effect to it so we're just gonna come in here select our white and then hit the send back and then bring it up one layer just to make sure it's behind the planet you can see it adds a little bit of a border and then we adjust the opacity just so it's a little more when you adjust the opacity like this it gives it a little more of a 3d effect whereas if you just had it as a white border it's gonna make the planet look very two-dimensional so hit all J to duplicate this ellipse and then repeat the process so here I'm I have it kind of on top of the planet so I brought the layer of my second ellipse to the front and then I'm just going to plane with the opacity to see if we can give the front of the planet a little more of a almost a shadow so play with the opacity on your mirror design and you can use the transparency tool as well you don't even have to mess with the opacity initially if you don't want to press it why for the transparency tool and it's the little glass icon looks like a wine glass and then I'm just dragging from the bottom right to the top and you can see it adds just a little bit of a white glow to the right hand side and then it's transparent as it gets up to the top left hand side then for the next step we kind of start our moon here so this moon's gonna go inside the planet and basically the same steps as the background for the main part of the planet that we just did but for this one we're just going to do another ellipse alt-j to duplicate and then sort of build our own sort of shadow here and it's really fun to make these types of shadows because you just do a couple ellipses and then they come together and create a little more of a 3-dimensional object and it gives that extra little glow that is more you know adds more detail in things like vector art instead of just having like one ellipse it would that would make the moon look very two-dimensional but this one you give it just a little bit of a shadow and again just command G when you selected the layers that you want to combine and we put together a little group here to keep everything organized so this is my moon group and then I'm just resizing it and make sure you don't hold shift here if you hold shift it'll let you change it to more of an oval shape or whatever you want whereas if you just click the resize it'll keep it as a circle and keep everything grouped together which is what we want and then we're going to come into our pen tool next and that we're just going to add a kind of shadow to the right hand side like I talked about earlier and like you saw in the original drawing and this gives another little layer to this 3d art and it's tough when you're doing art like this because you know like right now it still probably looks a little bit two-dimensional that's why you do have to add all these little pieces and you'll see later we add a little kind of white pen stroke to the top left and that's it just another kind of piece of the puzzle and here I'm just demonstrating that you don't need to actually click the pen too many times to really create a shape you can just do like I said earlier two nodes and then just shape those nodes however you like them instead of going in and trying to build your own shape it's easy to just do two nodes basic line and then come in and and add those curves without having to adjust a million nodes at a time and then you just finish that shape by clicking the original node that you started with and then you'll see it creates a really simple cool kind of crescent shape here and this is going to be our shadow for the planet and it almost gives like a reflecting of light kind of perspective so here we're just tweaking it to make sure that the edge of the shape here this present shape is at the edge of the planet and it's a little tricky I didn't want to spend too much time with this because you know you could spend all day making sure it's perfect but it's a tutorial so anyways we got that shape and then remove the outline come in and mess with the opacity we're gonna end up using the transparency tool here actually we don't end up using the transparency tool because we don't need to so if you mess with the opacity on the fill color here which we just did white and then it looks like about 22 percent opacity then you get a really nice shadow effect and again just come in and resize it press V to use the move tool and a to adjust those no nodes and change that curve on the Crescent then once you have it just kind of review it and you can see it adds a really nice little depth perspective there to the planet almost encapsulate sit in you know what we called a glass plane and so just kind of tweak things as you see fit sometimes you'll get it right away sometimes you end up spending a little too much time on it but affinity designer is great because it is pretty simple it doesn't have a bunch of like I wouldn't say unnecessary but clutter that adobe illustrator has all kinds of buttons and stuff that half the time you're not even going to use or as a vanity designer you know it has everything that you are gonna use right in front of you know going into sub menus or anything and here I'm just going in and clicking that shape and then you can press the arrow keys up and down into the left into the right to adjust it pixel by pixel just to get it perfectly where you want it instead of the mouse which isn't quite as precise then we come in select the ellipse tool we're going to start on the Rings of the planet so kind of make a big oval like this and then adjust the stroke width here and then we're gonna change the color and you'll have a ring and then we're gonna move remove the fill on this one we'll use a fill a little bit later but for this one we're we're gonna select our color and whichever color you like I end up doing I think a little bit of a purple color on the outside and then you'll see it's a light blue right now but I end up changing this a little later so to move this in 15 degree in increments just hold shift and then click that rotate little dot on the top then we come in here we want to add our transparency so we want it to look like the back is almost transparent and it's going behind the planet and then the front is more noticeable of for the ring so right about there is where we have the transparency so again in the back it's lighter in the front it's the color is a bit more prominent so it looks like it's wrapping around the planet again adding that 3d effect is very important so here I decided to go with a little bit more of a purple color and then remember those shortcuts another one for you is that alt G to duplicate so that's what I do to add another ring here once I select the color I guess I go with a little bit of a pinkish purple and then again all J to duplicate and right here I actually forgot to add a gradient so I quickly add that to my kind of orange yellow sky and then that again those gradients also add some nice shadows and well like I said all of this together really combines to make them a 3d picture so alt-j or command J and that allows you to duplicate it and then we're gonna just adjust this color on our ring here and whatever color you like on this this is kind of the fun part because you're just adding the final details that really bring this whole piece together you know as you add more and more it really comes together whereas when you initially start with the planet it does look kind of like a basic image but again I'll J to add another ring we ended up doing three here and then on this one I actually decided to add a little bit of a fill so I select my outline color as usual and then I go ahead and add a little bit of a feel to it reason I add a fill is it kind of gives a bit of a particle effect almost like there's a like minerals and and debris small little particles of debris flying around the planet so you can see that's a really cool way to you know add just another level another layer here and when when you're creating this you just see how much you can really do with such a simple design like this only takes about 30 minutes to make but you really appreciate it when you're developing when you're creating it yourself so you know that adds a glow to the Rings but also adds that kind of floating particle effect which is very cool and then I just kind of reduced the opacity a little bit on the Rings and and the fill just to make sure it's not taking away too much from this Center planet you don't want to necessarily draw the viewer to certain parts of the planet you want to draw them to kind of the sinner and then see the outline of the planet and those particles but those should just add to it they shouldn't be kind of the main attraction and then you know just making some little tweaks here and there so the outline of this planet I kind of messed with the adding a little touch of a purple glow here you can leave this alone it was fine how it was or you can add a little bit of a glow to it you can also add to kind of like transparency to that glow that's what I did in my original piece and then in the one I'm doing a tutorial on I adjusted it a little bit but come back into the pen tool p for the pen tool and then just kind of create a really simple pen stroke here and that's gonna be that little kind of bubble that you see when you create any sort of glass or like raindrop type of image you kind of have to add a little bit of a white speck and that's kind of indicative of the reflection of the object so that's exactly what I do here and it's a little tricky to get it precise but you can zoom in by doing a command plus on your keyboard and zoom out command – and then you know just kind of get that arc of the pen stroke to be the same as your planet and now it's really coming together this is you know pretty much done we're gonna add a little bit of background stuff but this is exactly what you want to see it's almost like a little bit of transparency like again that glass planet look where it's not just glass on the front side but it's a glass all the way through and you see those rings in the background as well and then we just come in select our star shape and create our stars and these are super easy we're just doing a kind of gray pretty minimal little stars remove the outline and stuff and then I just kind of cleaning up my layers here grouping them command G for the rings and then we're gonna have a group for the stars as well so I'm resizing these and then I just do alt J to start duplicating them and scatter them all over and this adds a really cool effect here I had the audio of the computer but I ended up muting it in that final cut so it's no big deal but and then i resized the stars as well because you don't want them all exactly the same size so there's some bigger ones some smaller ones and then some really really tiny ones as well again just adding those little teeny subtle layers gives everything it kind of pushes some stuff back and then other things forward and I kept the Stars pretty much in the ellipse part of the gradient just so the main part of the image is kind of in that center circle you could also put the stars scattered around the whole background but it's up to you and then just go ahead and group all your stars so they stay organized command G I like to group everything to keep it clean but also for animation if you want to pull in some of these pieces for animation like if I want to have every single star come in separately into an animation and then let's say we want the planet to drop down and the Rings to come in on their own it's nice to have separate layers for everything but still have a group because you're not going to want to export every single layer separately but just kind of minimize your work there to save this whole thing you just go into export you can do PNG Photoshop whatever you like overall hopefully you learn something this it's a pretty beginner level tutorial I've enjoyed making it and let me know if you want to see animation or affinity design tutorials leave a comment for me hit the subscribe button hit the like button you know feel free to ask me questions leave me constructive feedback hope you enjoyed have a great day thanks

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