Composition Basics

July 28, 2019 posted by

in this video I'm going to show you how you can build a composition so starting with the raw ingredients which are the use of perspective to draw three-dimensional object that is going to be the focus of your composition and notice that this drawing contains a lot of different elements to it you do have here a window we have a door we have a sidewalk we have a fence and we have a pitched roof now all these things are important details to have however they're currently in a very basic state and if you look at them you'll notice that they are flat so even though we're using perspective to create a three-dimensional object it's important to realize that you also need to use perspective to add three-dimensional details to that object so it's not enough to just kind of draw you know your basic shape to form the building or main structure and then add things to it that are going to you know add details such as windows and doors but just leave them flat you've got to actually develop those aspects with three-dimensional detail so let me show you what I mean by that take a look at what happens when I just toggle on three-dimensional detail what's going to happen is I'm going to be quickly adding depth and volume to the window the door the roof and the fence so watch what happens if we take these elements and suddenly make them three-dimensional now not only does the building itself have three dimensions but the details on the building the architectural details such as the fence the roof the doorway the sidewalk and the window now have depth and dimension and that is very important to remember that's a very important aspect of developing a drawing and making it realistic adding a level of sophistication to your work there are additional things it you want to add to your composition to make for well balanced composition and in this case here we have a little bit of things going on in the little bit of elements in the foreground such as a fence and a sidewalk and our middle ground is comprised of the building but there's nothing going on in the background it's completely empty so you want to answer the question of what's going on in the background and the best way to think about answering that is to ask yourself where is this subject what is this subject story what kind of story or environment do I want to convey through my background and the background can add a lot to give your subject its context so if I add a background to this drawing now we get a sense of where it's located and how its situated and it tells the story it flushes out the composition in terms of balancing the foreground with the middle ground with the background it adds depth because now we have those three layers foreground layering on top of middle ground layering on top of background so it again is another way to add depth in addition to the linear perspective but it also like I said before gives context that tells the story it gives your viewer more information and clues as to what is going on with your main subject and then the last thing that you want to think about adding now that we've kind of got these two elements added the last sort of finishing piece to this is to add elements of visual interest that are going to hold attention and keep your viewer engaged and give them something interesting to look at or contemplate or think about or enjoy in the composition as the case may be whatever your intended goals are so whatever it is you're trying to convey or get them to experience or see or whatever it is that you're you know you've want them to get out of the drawing visual we add those details to finish out the rest of the story so in this case I generally refer to all of those elements as adding visual interest so notice here now I added this last bit which now has have a flag kind of in the in the background we have some bushes on either side of the doorway the doorway now has a door frame and a doorknob the building now has indications of bricks we've got a window frame and some books resting in the windowsill a tree in the background little bits of texture to indicate grass those kinds of things and a little bit of an extra architectural detail above the door so working together just to peel back these layers again we start out with the basic perspective structure of the main shape then you want to add three-dimensional details using perspective to that basic shape then you want to make sure that you address the foreground the middle ground in the background in terms of balancing the composition and then the last step is to add any kinds of finishing touches that will engage the viewers attention

1 Comment

One Reply to “Composition Basics”

  1. Art Foundations says:


Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *